Minnesota state law has several degrees and types of assault:
· First-degree Assault: A person can be accused of 1st-degree assault if they cause great bodily harm’ to another person. This is the most severe assault charge and carries a penalty of up to 20 years in prison, up to $30,000 in fines and a lifelong felony record.
· Second-degree Assault: A person may face a 2nd-degree assault if they are accused of using a deadly weapon such as a bat, gun, or club leading to substantial bodily harm. The penalties for this assault depend on the severity of the injuries caused but could go up to 7 years in prison and $14,000 in fines.
· Third-degree Assault: A person can be charged with a 3rd-degree assault charge in case of any of the following events: one is convicted of assaulting someone who is 4 years older or younger; if they assault a minor with a history of prior abuse; if there is considerable harm. If convicted, one can face a jail term of up to 5 years and up to $10,000 in fines.
· Fourth-Degree Assault: You may be accused of this degree of assault if you engage in an altercation with a public servant such as a probation officer, police officer, or medical professional.
You could also be charged under fourth-degree assault if accused of discriminatory offenses such as harming a person based on their race, sexual orientation, religion, or disability. If convicted, you may face up to 1 year in prison and/or fines of up to $3,000.
· Fifth-Degree Assault: This is the least severe assault charges. An intent to harm or injure a person is classified as a fifth-degree assault or a misdemeanor.
While the first, second and third-degree assault convictions come with a lifelong felony record, the fourth and the fifth assault may not always be a felony charge. An experienced criminal lawyer can push for a lesser conviction of a gross misdemeanor or a misdemeanor if found guilty of an assault charge.